Tick Control & Management

WARNING: Be sure to read, understand, and follow all chemical product label instructions, recommendations, and safety precautions thoroughly prior to using any chemical application or treatment.

Select from tables summarizing chemicals and formulations labeled for use in the control and management of ticks on livestock and companion animals, and for premise treatment of homes, yards, stables, pastures, rangeland, and recreational areas:

Cats
Cats
Cattle
Cattle
dogsDogs
Horse
Horses
chicken
Poultry

sheepandgoats
Sheep&Goats

swine
Swine


Residential
Premises
agricultural
Agricultural Premises

Overview of Tactics For Integrated Tick Control & Management

This section provides guidelines to prevent tick introductions and to control infestations using a variety of tactics that are adaptable to various landscapes, including residential homes, rangeland, parks and recreational areas, companion animals to livestock.  

Nymphs host-seeking on grass

Infested white-tailed deer fawn

Successful control of a tick population is dependent upon the effectiveness of the tactic or tactics selected, or more comprehensively, the integration of a number of tactics into a management program, or Integrated Pest Management (IPM) system.

Feeding adult Gulf Coast ticks

Tactics for tick suppression can be selected to target either the on-host portion of the life cycle, the off-host portion of the life cycle, or both.  

Gulf Coast ticks on cow's ear prior to ear tagging

From the backyard to large pastures or rangeland, the selection and implementation of tactics will vary depending on the premise-type and animals involved, but the principles remain the same.  

Cattle roundup in preparation for dipping treatment

Tactics designed to minimize the risk of introducing ticks onto your property and which offer safe and effective methods of tick control include:

Inspection of tick infested horse- note haircoat and skin damage of tail and rump.
Daily inspection of children in tick-infested areas.
Regular inspection of canines should include the ears and feet.

Additional non-chemical tactics to reduce the risk of tick introduction and establishment in the home environment include:

Pet exposure to tick-infested leaf litter.

Removing, cleaning and treating pet bedding

Non-chemical tactics to help reduce the risk of tick introduction and establishment in livestock paddocks, pasturage, parks & recreational areas include:  

Mechanical removal of brush

Root plow for brush control.

Vegetation management using prescribed fire

Chemical treatments for the control of ticks on companion animals and the home environment include:

Spot-on acaricide treatment

Refer to chemical formulation tables for guidance to active ingredients, formulations, and application to dogs [icon], cats [icon], and home [icon].

Chemical treatments for the control of ticks on livestock, equines, poultry, and premises:

Aerial applications of herbicides for vegetation removal are typically very expensive, and are normally reserved for use in reducing over-story canopy on large acre tracts of forested woodlots, rangelands, and pasturage.  

Commercial acaricide products are available with a variety of active ingredients formulated for specific applications to control ticks.

Be sure to read, understand, and follow all chemical product label instructions, recommendations, and safety precautions thoroughly prior to using any chemical application or treatment.  

Spray-dip machine for livestock treatment.

Tables summarizing chemicals and formulations labeled for use in the control and management of ticks on livestock and companion animals, and for premise treatment of homes, yards, stables, pastures, rangeland, and recreational areas:

Cats (in/out doors):

cats

Active ingredient Formulation(s) Application
Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate Spray (ready-to-use) For use on cats 12+ wks, bedding, and on nursing animals
Etofenprox Spot-on For kittens/cats 12 wks +
Fipronil Spot-on Spray (ready-to-use) Use monthly for best control Mist entire hair-coat until damp/wet
Pyrethrins Dip, Powder, Spot-on, Spray For kittens/cats 12 wks +
Selamectin Spot-on For kittens/cats 8 wks +
Tetrachlorvinphos Collar, Dip Avoid using on cats near children

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Cattle (beef & dairy)

Pour-on acaricide treatment

Active ingredient Formulation(s) Application
Abamectin Ear tag Beef & non-lactating dairy cattle
Amitraz Emulsifiable concentrate spray

Spray dip machine
Saturate skin w/2 gal. spray/animal


Spray/dip until skin is saturated
Chlorpyriphos Ear tag Beef & non-lactating dairy cattle
Coumaphos Dusting powder



Ear tag



Emulsifiable concentrate spray
Suspend dust bags where cows loaf

Beef & non-lactating dairy cattle

Beef & non-lactating dairy cattle
beta-Cyfluthrin Ear tag One tag in both ears for all cattle
Diazinon Ear tag Beef & non-lactating dairy cattle
Permethrin Aerosol spray




Backrubber Ear tag

Emulsifiable concentrate spray

Pour-on Spray (ready-to-use)
Spray onto ticks in/outside ear Keep applicator fully charged

One tag in both ears for all cattle

Wash udders before milking


Head, neck & along top-line No dilution required for use
Phosmet Emulsifiable concentrate spray Beef & non-lactating dairy cattle
Tetrachlorvinphos Emulsifiable concentrate spray Beef cattle & lactating dairy cattle
Wettable powder (spray) Beef cattle, spray ½-1 gal/animal
Zeta-cypermethrin Dusting powder Dust bags, shaker cans for all cattle
 

Whole-body acaricide treatment 

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Dogs (in/out doors)

penny dog
Active ingredient Formulation(s) Application
Amitraz Collar Avoid using on dogs near children
Dichlorvos Collar Avoid using on dogs near children
Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate Spray (ready-to-use) For use on dogs 12+ wks old, bedding, and nursing animals
Fipronil Spot-on


Spray (ready-to-use)
Use monthly for best control

Mist entire hair-coat until damp/wet
Permethrin Aerosol spray


Dip



Dusting powder



Emulsifiable concentrate spray

Spot-on



Spray (ready-to-use)
Spray directly onto ticks for control

For use on puppies/dogs 12 wks +

Use gloves; rub into coat/onto skin

For use on puppies/dogs 12 wks +

For use on puppies/dogs 7 wks +

Use gloves; wet hair-coat to skin
Propoxur Collar Avoid using on dogs near children
Pyrethrins Dip, Shampoo, Spray, Spot-on For use on puppies/dogs 12 wks +
Selamectin Spot-on For puppies & dogs 6 wks +
Tetrachlorvinphos Collar Avoid using on dogs near children
   

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Equids (horses, mules & donkeys)

Handheld ready-mix spray treatment

Active ingredient Formulation(s) Application
Coumaphos Emulsifiable concentrate spray No horses destined for slaughter
Permethrin Aerosol spray



Backrubber



Dip (hand soak or sponge)

Emulsifiable concentrate spray


Garment/cover



Pour-on



Spot-on



Spray (ready-to-use)

Wipe-on
Spray onto ticks in/outside ear


Keep applicator fully charged


Wet to skin; drip dry; avoid face

Spot treat back-tail-legs-mane-ears


Leg/blanket covering deterent


Safe for lactating mares and foals


Safe for foals older than 3 mo.


Spot treat legs, tail, mane & ears

Use mitt; don’t use on foals < 3 mo.
Zeta-cypermethrin Dusting powder Dust bags, gloves, and shaker cans

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Poultry

Active ingredient Formulation(s) Application
Permethrin Dip wash



Emulsifiable concentrate spray


Spray (ready-to-use)
Wet feathers through to skin/air dry

Spray/soak plumage, skin, and vent

Spot treat legs, tail, wings & comb

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Sheep & Goats


Dip-vat acaricide treatment

 

Active ingredient Formulation(s) Application
Deltamethrin Spot-on Back/shoulders for animals > 1 mo.
Permethrin Aerosol spray


Backrubber


Dip vat



Dip (hand soak or sponge)


Emulsifiable concentrate spray


Pour-on


Spray (ready-to-use)
Spray onto ticks in/outside ear

Keep applicator fully charged

Wet fleece/hair-coat through to skin

Wet fleece/hair-coat through to skin

Repeat at 2 wk intervals/as needed


Head, neck, and along top-line

Spot treat; spray directly onto ticks
Zeta-cypermethrin Dusting powder Dust bags, gloves, and shaker cans

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Swine

Active ingredient Formulation(s) Application
Permethrin Dip, sponge, spray No treatments 1 wk before shipping

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Premises- Residential, Commercial, Recreational (homes, yards, kennels, parks, woodlots)

Active ingredient Formulation(s) Application
Bifenthrin Emulsifiable concentrate
spray

Granules
Lawns, patios, slabs, landscaping


Parks, recreation areas, woodlots
Carbaryl Dusting powder


Wettable powder (spray)
Perimeters of slabs, kennels, yards

Landscaping, turfgrass, woodlots
Cyfluthrin Aerosol spray (residual)

Emulsifiable concentrate spray

Foam
Homes, kennels, campgrounds

Kennels, cracks/crevices, flooring

Kennels, cracks/crevices, flooring
beta-Cyfluthrin Emulsifiable concentrate spray

Wettable powder (spray)
In/outdoors, pet kennels & housing


In/outdoors, kennels/housing, paths
lambda-Cyhalothrin  Aerosol spray


Emulsifiable concentrate spray

Granules


Hose end sprayer (pre-mixed)

Pre-measured tablets
Crack/crevice/floor spot treatment

Kennels, runs, yards & perimeters


Home, kennel, & yard perimeters

Apply to lawn & yard perimeters

Kennels, runs, yards, & vegetation
Cypermethrin Emulsifiable concentrate spray


Wettable powder (spray)
Building perimeters, porches, lawns


Baseboards, slabs, kennel floors
Deltamethrin Suspended concentrate (spray)

Dusting powder

Granules
Baseboards, cracks, crevices


Shaker can around dwellings

Perimeter broadcast a 5-10 ft swath
Esfenvalerate Residual spray concentrate Pet quarters/beds, cracks/crevices
Fipronil Emulsifiable concentrate spray Kennels, runs, yards, & vegetation
Imidocloprid Emulsifiable concentrate spray Tall grass & vegetation along paths
Methoprene Aerosol spray Carpets, floors, & pet resting areas
Permethrin Aerosol spray


Dusting powder


Emulsifiable concentrate spray

Spray (ready-to-use)


Squeeze bottle
Spray directly onto ticks in/outside

Kennels, dog houses, and bedding

Kennels, housing, yards, perimeters


Spray directly onto ticks in/outside


Apply directly onto clothing
Propoxur Aerosol spray Cracks/crevices in homes, kennels, vet clinics, and warehouses
Pyrethrins Aerosol spray



Dusting powder

Emulsifiable concentrate spray

Fogger/bomb
Floors, baseboards, pet bedding

Homes, kennels, cracks & crevices

Residential yards, warehouses


Combine use w/ on-animal control
Pyriproxyfen Emulsifiable concentrate spray Dry prior to access by humans/pets
Tetrachlorvinphos Emulsifiable concentrate spray

Wettable powder (spray)
Kennels, parks, recreational areas


Kennels, yards, recreational areas
Zeta-cypermethrin Dusting powder Dust dog kennels and housings
 
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Premises- Agricultural (barns, stables, paddocks, feedlots, pasturage & rangelands)

Active ingredient Formulation(s) Application
Bifenthrin Emulsifiable concentrate
spray

Granules
Barns, out-buildings, fence rows

Out-buildings, fence-lines
Carbaryl Wettable powder (spray) Poultry cages, housings, and roosts, pasturage, and rangelands
Cyfluthrin Emulsifiable concentrate spray Cattle/swine barns, poultry houses
beta-Cyfluthrin Emulsifiable concentrate spray

Wettable powder (spray)
Livestock & poultry housings


Livestock/poultry/
utility buildings
Cypermethrin Emulsifiable concentrate spray

Wettable powder (spray)
Out-building perimeters


Out-building perimeters
Permethrin Aerosol spray


Emulsifiable concentrate spray

Spray (ready-to-use)

Squeeze bottle
Caging, floors, cracks/crevices

Shelter housing, feedlots, paddocks

Spot treatment of
barns & stables

Recharge protective equine covers
Pyrethrins Dusting powder

Emulsifiable concentrate spray
Animal quarters cracks/crevices

Barns, poultry and swine houses
Tetrachlorvinphos Emulsifiable concentrate spray


Wettable powder (spray)

All surfaces in poultry housings



Dairy barn, poultry house, swine barn walls, floors, cracks/crevices